Is your AC compressor clutch always engaged? This guide will walk you through every aspect of the problem, helping you to not only understand why this is happening but also how to fix it, saving you both time and unnecessary stress.
Table of Contents
Reasons Why the Clutch Remains Engaged
To successfully diagnose why the AC compressor clutch is always engaged, we need to explore the various factors that might be influencing this situation. Let’s break down the common reasons one by one:
The AC system of your vehicle is wired to various components which facilitate its smooth functioning. Sometimes, issues can arise from a malfunctioning relay or a faulty switch which continues to supply power to the clutch, thereby keeping it engaged at all times.
Such issues can be due to worn-out wiring, fuse problems, or damage to the electrical control unit. It is advised to inspect all the electrical connections meticulously to pinpoint the exact problem.
Low refrigerant levels
Refrigerants are essential in cooling the air that circulates in your car. The AC system operates based on the pressure levels of this refrigerant; when the levels are low, the system tries to compensate by keeping the clutch engaged to cool the air, a task that becomes progressively difficult due to the low refrigerant amount.
This not only fails to cool the air adequately but also puts excessive pressure on the compressor, leading to potential damage. You would need to refill the refrigerant to the requisite levels, ensuring it matches the specifications in your vehicle manual.
Faulty pressure switches
Pressure switches play a crucial role in the operation of the AC system as they regulate the clutch engagement based on the pressure of the refrigerant. When these switches fail or malfunction, they can send inaccurate signals, causing the clutch to be engaged continually.
Diagnosing this issue might involve using specialized tools to check the functionality of these switches and replacing them if they are found to be defective.
Check out these other articles…
Steps to Fix ‘AC Compressor Clutch Always Engaged’
Now that we understand the potential causes behind an AC compressor clutch that is always engaged, follow the steps below to fix it:
Inspect electrical components
Start your troubleshooting by inspecting the electrical components involved. Use a multimeter to check the continuity and voltage of the various components such as relays and switches.
Ensure to follow your vehicle’s manual for the right procedure to avoid causing more damage.
You can use this AstroAI Multimeter Tester from Amazon for this task.
Check the refrigerant levels
The next step involves checking the refrigerant levels using a proper gauge. If you find the levels to be low, refill it according to the guidelines specified in the vehicle manual, ensuring to use the right type and amount of refrigerant.
If you are not confident doing this yourself, seek the help of a professional technician.
Examine the pressure switches
To examine the pressure switches, you may need to use specialized tools that can help you determine their functionality.
If you do not have the necessary tools, it is recommended to take your vehicle to a trusted mechanic who can carry out the tests and replace the switches if needed.
Seek professional assistance
If all your troubleshooting doesn’t resolve the issue, it is time to call in a professional. A skilled mechanic would have the expertise and the tools to accurately diagnose the problem and fix it efficiently, saving you from future hassles and potential damages.